Insight Mission World Forum

Insight Mission World Forum

To facilitate balanced growth of Muslim generation culturally, morally, intellectually and spiritually, to become holistic and insightful in serving the cause of their Creator.


    Islamic Golding Age

    Share
    avatar
    1st Amiyru Shuqqo

    Posts : 55
    Join date : 2013-11-11
    Age : 26
    Location : Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-Ode.

    Islamic Golding Age

    Post by 1st Amiyru Shuqqo on Thu Nov 28, 2013 6:14 pm

    Salaamu LLahi 'aleikum!!! This is very interesting and you would never want to miss this...

    Source; en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islamic_Golden_Age

    The Islamic Golden Age is an Abbasid
    historical period beginning in the mid
    8th century lasting until the Mongol
    conquest of Baghdad in 1258. The
    Islamic Golden Age was inaugurated by
    the middle of the 8th century by the
    ascension of the Abbasid Caliphate and
    the transfer of the capital from
    Damascus to Baghdad. The Abbasids
    were influenced by the Qur'anic
    injunctions and hadith such as "the ink
    of a scholar is more holy than the blood
    of a martyr" (also see ijtihad) that
    stressed the value of knowledge. The
    rise of Islam was instrumental in uniting
    the warring Arab tribes into a powerful
    empire. The Abbasids claimed to belong
    to the same tribe to which the Prophet
    Muhammad belonged, and were for
    that reason considered holy. During
    this period the Arab world became an
    intellectual center for science,
    philosophy, medicine and education;
    the Abbasids championed the cause of
    knowledge and established the House
    of Wisdom (Bait-ul-Hikmat) at Baghdad,
    where both Muslim and non-Muslim
    scholars sought to translate and gather
    all the world's knowledge into Arabic.
    The Arabs showed a strong interest in
    assimilating the scientific knowledge of
    the civilizations they had overrun. Many
    classic works of antiquity that might
    otherwise have been lost were
    translated into Arabic and Persian and
    later in turn translated into Turkish,
    Hebrew and Latin. During this period
    the Arab world was a collection of
    cultures which put together,
    synthesized and significantly advanced
    the knowledge gained from the ancient
    Roman, Chinese, Indian, Persian,
    Egyptian, Greek, Byzantine and
    Phoenician civilizations. The decimal
    system travelled from India to Arabia
    during this time and in 9th century it
    was popularized in the region by the
    Persian mathematician al-Khwarizmi.
    Later in 12th century a monk Abelard
    introduced it in Europe. They also
    began the use of a first form of algebra
    (without numerical exponents) in order
    to solve complex mathematical
    problems.
    Causes
    With a new, easier writing system and
    the introduction of paper, information
    was democratized to the extent that,
    probably for the first time in history, it
    became possible to make a living from
    simply writing and selling books. The
    use of paper spread from China into
    Muslim regions in the eighth century
    CE, arriving in Spain (and then the rest
    of Europe) in the 10th century CE. It
    was easier to manufacture than
    parchment, less likely to crack than
    papyrus, and could absorb ink, making
    it difficult to erase and ideal for keeping
    records. Islamic paper makers devised
    assembly-line methods of hand-copying
    manuscripts to turn out editions far
    larger than any available in Europe for
    centuries. It was from these
    countries that the rest of the world
    learned to make paper from linen.
    The government heavily patronized
    scholars. The money spent on the
    Translation Movement for some
    translations is estimated to be
    equivalent to about twice the annual
    research budget of the United
    Kingdom’s Medical Research Council.
    The best scholars and notable
    translators, such as Hunayn ibn Ishaq,
    had salaries that are estimated to be
    the equivalent of professional athletes
    today.

      Current date/time is Sat Oct 20, 2018 4:12 am