Insight Mission World Forum

Insight Mission World Forum

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    ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION

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    Muhammad Mubarak

    Posts : 49
    Join date : 2013-11-09
    Age : 31
    Location : Lagos

    ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION

    Post by Muhammad Mubarak on Sat Dec 28, 2013 3:09 am

    ISLAMIC CIVILIZATION
    This is one of the most vibrant civilizations in mankind history, it is based on the Tawhidic episteme that was universal in its outlook. This civilization extended from Arab countries and covered areas such as: Persia, Central Asia, Africa, Europe, and Indian Sub-Continent.
    There was a universal identity and not a territorially bounded ones as it is in the modern time. The non-Muslims under the caliphate include Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians and other Pagans. In other words, there was the freedom of religion.
    These are the caliphates that ruled during the reign of Islamic civilization:
    Rashidun Caliphate (632-661)CE: This is the period of the caliph of the prophet (the four Amir al-Mu’minin), the succession to Muhammad; Abu Bakr (632-634), Umar (634-644), Uthman (644-656), Ali (656-661). This empire reached its greatest extent in the time of Uthman Caliphate.
    Ummayad Dynasty (661-750): This is the largest empire the world had yet seen. It is during this era that the second Muslim civil war occurred (680-692)CE and Berber Revolt (740-743)CE and the third civil war (744-747)CE were finally overthrown by the Abbasid Revolution in 750CE/132AH.
    Abbasid Dynasty (750-1258): This time is when the four Imam arose; Imam Abu Hanifa, Imam Malik, Imam Shafi’i, Imam Ambali.
    Fatimid Dynasty (910-1171): This happen in the early middle ages, it sovereignty spanned a large area of North Africa and made Egypt the centre of its empire.
    Ayyubid Dynasty (1174-1342)
    Mamluk Dynasty (1250-1517)
    Ottoman Dynasty (1299-1923): Constantinople is used as the Islamic capital during this time.

    Characteristics of Islamic Civilization
    1. Islamic faith
    2. Human, universal dimension
    3. It drew upon the human civilizations and cultures experienced by the peoples of the ancient world
    4. A well-balanced civilization which secures fair equilibrium between the materialistic and the spiritual sides with exemplary moderation.
    5. Perennial civilization which will last as long as Islam because it is based on the very principles of Islam which Allah will preserve eternally.

      Current date/time is Sat Oct 20, 2018 4:12 am