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    THE COMPILATION OF THE QURAN

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    Muhammad Mubarak

    Posts : 49
    Join date : 2013-11-09
    Age : 31
    Location : Lagos

    THE COMPILATION OF THE QURAN

    Post by Muhammad Mubarak on Thu Dec 05, 2013 8:58 am

    THE COMPILATION OF THE QURAN
    The noble Qur’an was revealed to Prophet Muhammad S.A.W within 23 years, it had continued till the last year of the prophet and His death marked the completion of the Quran so nobody was able to compile the Qur’an in a single Mashaf until after the death prophet (S.A.W).  Al-Quran is a book that teaches us how we can practice Islam and nothing is left behind  in the Qur’an , Allah perfected Islam for the Prophet, Allah says, “ This day I have perfected your religion for you, completed My favour  upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion”[Al-Maeedah 5:3].
    The compilation of Al-Qur’an
    This is in three stages:
    1. During the era of Prophet Muhammad (SAW):- During this time Quran was not compiled together, it was written on several materials such as leaves, bones, stones, skins, and some were memorize by Sahabah and that his how it was till the demised of the Prophet, (may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
    2. During the reign of Abu-Bakr: The first compilation of the Quran was done by Khalifah Abubakr (may Allah be pleased with him), He was the first Khalifah that succeeded the prophet, during his Khilafah, Umar bn al-Khatab suggested that the Quran should be compiled due to the death of  some Sahabah during the battle of  Ridda and Yamamah. Most of these Sahabah had memorized the Qur’an, but rep Abu-Bakr lied to him that how could I do what the prophet did not do. After several deliberations about the matter, now assigned the duty to Zayyid bn Zabit who was the Khatib (Scribe) to the Prophet while he was alive. He ordered the companions who had memorized the Qur’an to recite it, this is how this Zayyid bn Zabit accomplished the task and handed it over to Abubakr and was later transferd to Umar (may Allah be pleased with him). When Umar became Kaliph, the manuscript ended up with his daughter Hafsoh after he died.
    3. During the era of Uthman: Uthman bn Affan called on Hafsoh, Zayid bn Zabit, Hafsoh and some companion ns for the standardization of Qur’an so as to ensure that the book is recited by all with a single dialect so as to guard against possible corruption and it was noticed that there were variations in the mode of reading the Quran in provinces or the empire particularly in Syria and Iraq when Huadhayfah ibn al-Yaman noticed confusion in recitation of the Qur’an . The committee set produced a standard copy which was sent to different countries along with those that will teach the residence of the province while the old copies were collected and destroyed. Expansion of the Qur’an reached Arabian Peniula, Persian, Russia, China and Turkey. During the era of Uthman, seven copies was produced which were distributed to Makkah, Syria, Barsah, Koofah, Yemen, Bahrain and the last one was kept in Medinna.
    It was also reported that during the regime of Khalifah Ali bn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) ordered Abdul Aswad Adhali and Hajaj bn Yusuf to assign the correct vowels to the verses of the Qur’an.

    PRESERVATION OF THE QUR’AN DURING THE ERA OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (SAW)
    The Qur’an was preserved through the following ways
    1. Recitation during Salah
    2. On available materials such as leaves, bones etc.
    3. Encouragement from the prophet

    AYAT MUHKAMAAT AND AYAT MUTASHABIHAT
    Ayat Muhkamaat could be defined as those verses of  whose meanings are cleared while Ayat Mutashabihaat are those verses whose intended meanings are known only by Allah.

      Current date/time is Tue Dec 11, 2018 8:09 pm